Advances in Conceptual Modeling

ER 2023 Workshops, CMLS, CMOMM4FAIR, EmpER, JUSMOD, OntoCom, QUAMES, and SmartFood, Lisbon, Portugal, November 6–9, 2023, Proceedings

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xiv
  2. CMLS

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-4
    2. An Ontology for Breast Cancer Screening

      • Yasmine Anchén, Edelweis Rohrer, Regina Motz
      Pages 5-14
    3. Integrating Nuclear Medicine and Radiopharmacy Data: A Conceptual Model for Precision Medicine and Enhanced Patient Care

      • Sipan Arevshatyan, José Fabián Reyes Román, Elisa Caballero Calabuig, Mari Carmen Plancha, Alejandra Abella, Pedro Abreu et al.
      Pages 15-24
    4. Comprehensive Representation of Variation Interpretation Data via Conceptual Modeling

      • Mireia Costa, Alberto García S., Ana León, Oscar Pastor
      Pages 25-34
    5. Enhancing Precision Medicine: An Automatic Pipeline Approach for Exploring Genetic Variant-Disease Literature

      • Lidia Contreras-Ochando, Pere Marco Garcia, Ana León, Lluís-F. Hurtado, Ferran Pla, Encarna Segarra
      Pages 35-43

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 45-47
    2. euFAIR: A Digital Tool for Assessing the FAIR Principles

      • Matteo Lia, Davide Damiano Colella, Antonella Longo, Marco Zappatore
      Pages 49-58
  4. EmpER

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 59-62
    2. Empirical Exploration of Open-Source Issues for Predicting Privacy Compliance

      • Jenny Guber, Iris Reinhartz-Berger, Marina Litvak
      Pages 63-73
    3. Human-Centred Conceptual Modelling for Re-Designing Urban Planning

      • Emilia Lenzi, Emanuele Pucci, Federico Cerutti, Maristella Matera, Letizia Tanca
      Pages 74-84
    4. Using Knowledge Graphs to Generate SQL Queries from Textual Specifications

      • Robson A. Campêlo, Alberto H. F. Laender, Altigran S. da Silva
      Pages 85-94
    5. Bridging the Gap: Conceptual Modeling and Machine Learning for Web Portals

      • Dadhichi Shukla, Eugen Lindorfer, Sebastian Eresheim, Alexander Buchelt
      Pages 107-116

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 117-119
    2. New-Generation Templates Facilitating the Shift from Documents to Data in the Italian Judiciary

      • Amedeo Santosuosso, Stefano D’Ancona, Emanuela Furiosi
      Pages 121-130
    3. Supervised Learning, Explanation and Interpretation from Pretrial Detention Decisions by Italian and Brazilian Supreme Courts

      • Marco Billi, Thiago Raulino Dal Pont, Isabela Cristina Sabo, Francesca Lagioia, Giovanni Sartor, Aires José Rover
      Pages 131-140
    4. Identification and Visualization of Legal Definitions and Legal Term Relations

      • Catherine Sai, Anastasiya Damaratskaya, Karolin Winter, Stefanie Rinderle-Ma
      Pages 151-161
    5. Comparative Analysis of Disinformation Regulations: A Preliminary Analysis

      • Antonella Calò, Antonella Longo, Marco Zappatore
      Pages 162-171
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2023 Public Library Technology Survey

The Public Library Association (PLA) is currently fielding the 2023 Public Library Technology Survey. It seeks to understand the current and emerging trends in public library technology resources, training, infrastructure, staff support, and budgets. The survey includes questions such as:

  • Do you have digital media or maker production equipment for patron use at your library?
  • What types of technology-based equipment does your library circulate?
  • Do you provide space for patrons to conduct individual telehealth sessions?
  • What are the greatest challenges your library faces in providing digital literacy assistance or training?
  • What factors affect your library’s ability to increase its broadband connectivity?
  • What components of your library’s technology infrastructure have been added, replaced, or upgraded in the past 2 years?
  • What types of IT support staff are utilized by your library?
  • Outside of the operating budget, what funding sources are used for your library’s technology needs?

These same topics were covered in the 2020 Technology Survey. Data gathered that year has proven critical in advocacy for pandemic relief funding. It has also informed conversations with state and national policymakers about the technology infrastructure libraries already have in place and the best ways to build on that to better support communities nationwide.

PLA’s Measurement, Evaluation, and Assessment Committee worked hard to simplify the 2023 survey and ensure it collects the most relevant data for the field. New questions this year cover library services for home broadband adoption, digital navigators, and technology training for library staff.

Why should you participate? Library leaders need up-to-date and accurate information for planning and decision making. Your responses will help the field understand current and emerging trends and what has changed since 2020. You can contribute to powerful and actionable results that will inform elected officials, the media, and other stakeholders about the valuable services libraries provide.

The 2023 Public Library Technology survey is open now through December 16. All US public libraries are invited to participate. One person—such as the library director, administrator, or data coordinator—should login to your library’s free Benchmark account at to submit responses. Participants are entered to win free group registration for a PLA webinar (four locale-specific winning libraries will be drawn from city, suburban, town, and rural participants).

2023 Public Library Technology Survey

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Strategies of Indigenous Knowledge Management in Libraries

Indigenous knowledge (IK) is the knowledge that people in a given community developed over time, and has made positive contributions towards sustainable development. Indigenous communities around the world face ongoing threats to the survival of their indigenous knowledge in view of its tacit nature. Traditionally, libraries have concentrated more on promoting a reading culture than on managing and promoting IK. If IK is well documented, packaged and deposited in libraries and information centres, it could be directly accessed by individuals.The study explores how the indigenous knowledge can best be managed in the libraries in order to contribute positively to the community. Within this area of interest, this paper answers the question: what roles the library professionals can play in the management and preservation of IK. While highlighting the IFLA mandate towards the management and preservation of IK, different activities associated with the management of IK — such as, collection, recording and documentation, organization, preservation and storage, dissemination and networking are discussed. Concludes that library professionals need to be proactive in devising strategies for the management and preservation of IK with the help of their professional knowledge and skills in order to ensure access to this valuable resource.  

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How Librarians are Important to the Data Science Movement

The library has always been a repository for knowledge and research tools.  In recent years, with the advent of big data and data science, research has become more powerful and data-driven.  However, despite the increasing treasure trove of data, research indicates that there are not enough people out there who can harness the power of big data.  The consulting group McKinsey estimates that the U.S. currently faces a shortage of nearly 200,000 people who have the technical knowhow to use big data to make effective organizational decisions.  This dearth of big data experts is despite the fact that big data collection itself is increasing worldwide, supported by advances in Internet of Things which enable better real-time data collection.

Librarians have long been shepherds of vast amounts of knowledge.  This is why libraries can stand to benefit by adding data science to their list of offerings.  Big data and data science applications serve to make libraries an even more powerful source of knowledge to bridge the gap and increase big data analytics literacy in society.  Libraries are beginning to offer resources for patrons to learn more about big data and its benefits. It makes sense, practically speaking, for librarians to adopt and support big data practices and resources.  Data science and big data lend themselves readily to research applications in a variety of fields, and can be used in conjunction with machine learning techniques to learn how to cluster, make recommendations, predict outcomes, and so on, based on data.  Librarians can support data science by providing access to training and instructional materials to help improve the knowledge base surrounding big data.  There are several ways libraries can help individuals and organizations adopt data science and big data practices: by providing access to information, organizing educational workshops and courses, and offering services supporting research data management. Read on to discuss the role of data science in the library and how librarians can both support data science and big data, and benefit from these new concepts.

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What is RSS Feeds?

RSS feeds, an acronym for “Really Simple Syndication,” represent a straightforward yet powerful technology that has transformed the way individuals access and consume digital content. At its core, an RSS feed serves as a dynamic conduit through which websites share their latest updates, be it news articles, blog posts, podcasts, or multimedia content, with a global audience. This technology eliminates the need for users to manually scour numerous websites for fresh information, offering an efficient and centralized solution for staying informed. By subscribing to RSS feeds, users unlock the ability to curate their information stream, ensuring that the most relevant and current content reaches them effortlessly.

The creation and utilization of RSS feeds involve a systematic interplay between content providers, technological protocols, and end-users. Website publishers, after generating new content, encode the details of their updates into an XML-based format that constitutes the RSS feed. This digital pipeline houses essential information such as article titles, summaries, publication dates, and hyperlinks. Subscribers, in turn, employ specialized software known as RSS readers or aggregators. These tools regularly check the subscribed feeds for updates, offering users a consolidated view of the latest content across multiple sources. The seamless integration of content creation, feed generation, and user consumption propels RSS feeds into an essential cog in the modern information ecosystem.

What does RSS Look like?

RSS feeds are structured in a specific format known as XML (Extensible Markup Language). XML is a standardized way of encoding data so that it can be easily parsed and processed by software applications. While the actual XML code that comprises an RSS feed might not be directly visible to the end user, it can be represented in a simplified textual format for explanation purposes. Here’s an example of how an RSS feed might look:


In this simplified example, the XML structure contains the following key elements:

  • rss: The root element, indicating the start of the RSS feed and specifying the version being used (in this case, version 2.0).
  • channel: Represents the main content of the RSS feed, including metadata about the feed itself.
  • title: The title of the RSS feed.
  • link: The link to the website associated with the RSS feed.
  • description: A brief description of the content of the RSS feed.
  • item: Represents individual content items within the feed, such as news articles or blog posts.
  • title: The title of the content item.
  • link: The link to the specific content item.
  • description: A summary or description of the content item.
  • pubDate: The publication date of the content item.

It’s important to note that while this example provides a simplified view of the XML structure, real-world RSS feeds can contain additional elements and attributes to convey more information and details about each content item. RSS readers and aggregators use this structured XML format to parse and display the content in a user-friendly manner.

Types of RSS:

RSS (Really Simple Syndication) technology has given rise to various types of applications and tools that facilitate the consumption and distribution of web content. These types can be broadly categorized as follows:

  • Web-Based RSS Readers / News Aggregators: Web-based RSS readers are online platforms that allow users to subscribe to and read RSS feeds directly from a web browser. Users can access their feeds from any device with an internet connection, making it convenient for those who prefer a cloud-based approach to content consumption. Popular examples of web-based RSS readers include Feedly, Inoreader, and The Old Reader.
  • Desktop RSS Readers: Desktop RSS readers are standalone applications that are installed on a user’s computer. They collect and display RSS feeds, often providing a more tailored and focused reading experience. Desktop readers can be especially useful for users who want to manage their feeds offline or who prefer a dedicated application. Examples of desktop RSS readers include QuiteRSS, FeedDemon, and Liferea.
  • Mobile Apps: Many mobile apps are designed specifically for reading and managing RSS feeds on smartphones and tablets. These apps often offer a user-friendly interface optimized for touchscreens and provide features such as offline reading, synchronization across devices, and customizable layouts. Popular mobile RSS reader apps include Flipboard, Reeder, and Feedly’s mobile app.
  • Browser Extensions and Add-Ons: Browser extensions or add-ons can enhance web browsers by integrating RSS feed capabilities directly into the browser interface. This allows users to access and subscribe to feeds without leaving their browsing environment. Examples of such extensions include Feedly Mini for Google Chrome and Brief for Mozilla Firefox.
  • Email-Based RSS Services: Some services convert RSS feeds into email newsletters, allowing users to receive updates directly in their email inbox. This approach can be useful for individuals who prefer to consolidate their content consumption within their email routine.
  • Integrated Platforms: Certain platforms and content management systems integrate RSS feeds as part of their offerings. For example, WordPress and other blogging platforms often generate RSS feeds for their content automatically, making it easy for readers to stay updated on new posts.
  • Podcast Aggregators: While not limited to traditional text-based content, RSS technology is also widely used in podcasting. Podcast aggregators or podcatchers use RSS feeds to deliver and manage audio or video content episodes. Popular podcast apps, such as Apple Podcasts and Overcast, rely on RSS feeds to distribute podcasts to subscribers.

Purpose of RSS Feeds:

The purpose of RSS (Really Simple Syndication) feeds is to provide a convenient and efficient way for users to stay informed about and access updates from their favorite websites or online content sources. RSS feeds serve as a bridge between content creators and consumers, offering several key benefits:

  • Efficient Content Delivery: RSS feeds streamline the process of content consumption by delivering updates directly to users. Instead of visiting multiple websites individually, users can access all their subscribed content in one centralized location, such as an RSS reader.
  • Customization and Personalization: Users have the freedom to choose the sources they subscribe to, allowing them to curate a personalized stream of content based on their interests. This customization ensures that users receive information that is relevant and meaningful to them.
  • Time Savings: By aggregating updates from various sources, RSS feeds save users time by eliminating the need to manually browse different websites for new content. Users can efficiently scan headlines and summaries to decide which articles or posts to read in more detail.
  • Avoiding Information Overload: The overwhelming volume of online content can lead to information overload. RSS feeds enable users to manage and control the amount of information they consume, preventing them from feeling overwhelmed.
  • Notification and Alerts: Many RSS readers provide notifications or alerts when new content is available from subscribed sources. This ensures that users are promptly informed of updates without actively checking each website.
  • Offline Reading: Some RSS readers allow users to download and store content for offline reading. This feature is particularly useful for individuals who want to access content while traveling or when an internet connection is unavailable.
  • Centralized Access: RSS feeds consolidate content from diverse sources, making it easier for users to access information from various websites without the need to navigate through different interfaces.
  • Controlled Environment: Using RSS feeds, users can control the content they consume independently of social media algorithms or other recommendation systems. This empowers users to focus on their preferred sources and topics.
  • Research and Monitoring: RSS feeds are valuable tools for researchers, journalists, and professionals who need to monitor specific industries, trends, or competitors. Subscribing to relevant feeds allows them to stay up-to-date with the latest developments.
  • Content Discovery: RSS feeds can lead users to discover new websites, blogs, or content creators that align with their interests. This promotes a diverse and enriching online experience.

In essence, the purpose of RSS feeds is to facilitate seamless and personalized content consumption, allowing users to efficiently access the latest updates from a wide range of sources while maintaining control over their information intake.

RSS Feed Advantages and Disadvantages:

RSS feeds have emerged as a powerful tool in the digital age, transforming the way we access and consume online content. With their ability to aggregate and deliver updates from various sources to a single platform, RSS feeds offer an efficient and tailored approach to staying informed. This technological innovation has revolutionized information consumption, allowing users to personalize their content stream and receive real-time updates without the need for constant manual checking. However, like any technology, RSS feeds come with their own set of advantages and disadvantages, shaping the way we interact with information in the online realm.

Advantages of RSS Feeds:

  • Efficient Content Consumption: RSS feeds provide a centralized location for accessing updates from multiple sources, saving users time by eliminating the need to visit each website individually.
  • Customized Information: Users can curate their content stream by subscribing to specific feeds, ensuring they receive updates tailored to their interests.
  • Avoiding Information Overload: RSS feeds allow users to manage the amount of content they consume, preventing overwhelming information overload.
  • Real-Time Updates: Users receive instant notifications of new content, ensuring they stay up-to-date without constant manual checking.
  • Offline Access: Many RSS readers enable offline reading, making it possible to access content even without an internet connection.
  • Privacy: RSS feeds do not require users to share personal information or create accounts, enhancing privacy compared to other content delivery methods.
  • Research and Monitoring: Researchers and professionals can use RSS feeds to monitor specific topics, industries, or competitors efficiently.
  • Diverse Content Discovery: RSS feeds can introduce users to new websites and content creators, promoting a broader online experience.

Disadvantages of RSS Feeds:

  • Declining Usage: The popularity of RSS feeds has diminished over time due to the rise of social media and other content distribution platforms.
  • Limited Content Types: RSS feeds are primarily text-based and may not effectively deliver multimedia-rich content.
  • Feeds Depend on Publishers: If content creators do not provide RSS feeds or fail to update them, users may miss out on relevant information.
  • Potential for Inaccurate Feeds: Inaccurate coding or formatting issues can lead to malformed feeds or missing content.
  • Learning Curve: Some users may find the setup and management of RSS feeds, especially for desktop readers, to be slightly technical and challenging.
  • Over-Reliance on Aggregators: Users who rely heavily on a single aggregator may be vulnerable to service disruptions or changes in the aggregator’s policies.
  • Lack of Social Interaction: Unlike social media platforms, RSS feeds do not offer the same level of social interaction and engagement.
  • Dependency on Third-Party Services: Users relying on web-based aggregators are subject to the availability and stability of these online services.

While RSS feeds offer numerous benefits such as streamlined content consumption and customized information delivery, they also face challenges such as declining usage and limitations in content types. The choice to use RSS feeds depends on individual preferences, content consumption habits, and the evolving digital landscape.

Impact of RSS Feeds in Library:

The advent of Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds has ushered in a transformative era for libraries, redefining the way information is disseminated, accessed, and curated within these hallowed repositories of knowledge. With their ability to dynamically deliver a plethora of updates from diverse sources to a centralized platform, RSS feeds have left an indelible mark on the traditional functions of libraries, enriching the patron experience, enhancing research capabilities, and fostering a more dynamic and responsive information ecosystem.

One of the most significant impacts of RSS feeds on libraries is the democratization of information access. Libraries, once confined to physical spaces, now transcend these limitations by integrating digital technologies, allowing users to effortlessly subscribe to feeds that cater to their unique interests. Patrons can receive real-time updates on new acquisitions, upcoming events, scholarly publications, and other relevant content, all from the comfort of their own devices. This immediate and personalized access to information ensures that library users remain informed and engaged, even when physically distant from the library itself.

In the realm of research, RSS feeds have redefined the landscape by providing researchers, scholars, and students with a powerful tool for staying current with the latest developments in their fields. Researchers can subscribe to feeds from academic journals, research databases, and subject-specific repositories, enabling them to stay abreast of groundbreaking studies and insights. This real-time access to scholarly discourse empowers researchers to contribute to their disciplines with timeliness and accuracy, ultimately enriching the body of knowledge and advancing academic progress.

Furthermore, the implementation of RSS feeds has transformed the way libraries communicate with their patrons. Libraries can utilize RSS feeds to disseminate newsletters, event notifications, and announcements, thereby fostering greater engagement and participation. Whether it’s announcing upcoming author talks, workshops, or book releases, libraries can harness the immediacy of RSS feeds to ensure that their patrons remain informed about the myriad opportunities and resources available to them.

Despite these transformative advantages, the integration of RSS feeds in libraries is not without challenges. Ensuring that RSS feeds are effectively managed, curated, and aligned with the needs and interests of library users requires strategic planning and coordination. The potential for overwhelming patrons with an excessive volume of updates, coupled with the need to curate diverse and high-quality content sources, demands careful consideration to strike the right balance.

In Summary, the impact of RSS feeds on libraries is profound and far-reaching. By embracing this technology, libraries have embraced a dynamic and responsive approach to information dissemination, catering to the evolving preferences and expectations of today’s digital-savvy patrons. As libraries continue to evolve in the digital age, the integration of RSS feeds stands as a testament to their commitment to innovation and their unwavering dedication to providing accessible, relevant, and timely information to their communities.

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অমূল্য রতনের সন্ধান মিলল বিদ্যাসাগর অলংকৃত কলকাতার সংস্কৃত বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ে

কলকাতার ঐতিহ্যশালী সংস্কৃত কলেজ, বর্তমানের সংস্কৃত বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের একটি কক্ষ থেকে উদ্ধার হওয়া সিন্দুকে মিলল শতাব্দীর ইতিহাস। ২০০ পুরানো সিন্দুক, তা খোলা অতি দুঃসাধ্য। চাবি তৈরি করেও চারটি চাবি দিয়ে সিন্দুক খুলতে ব্যর্থ হয়ে পাঁচ ঘণ্টার চেষ্টায় শেষে সিন্দুকের নাটবল্টু খুলতে হয়। বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ের উপাচার্য সোমা বন্দোপাধ্যায়ের বক্তব্য অনুযায়ী- মুখবন্ধ শীল্ড খাম পাওয়া গেছে যার উপরে লেখা আছে লিস্ট অব্ অ্যাসেটস্। সংস্কৃত কলেজের গুরুত্বপূর্ণ নথি এই খামের মধ্যে আছে। কি সেই নথি? 

সবচেয়ে গুরুত্বপূর্ণ নথি হল “মুক্তকেশী দেবীর বিধবা ফান্ড” নামাঙ্কিত ফান্ডটি সংস্কৃত কলেজে ঈশ্বরচন্দ্র বিদ্যাসাগরেরে তৈরি বিধবাদের জন্য ফান্ড। বিধবাদের জন্য মাসিক ২ টাকা করে বরাদ্দ করা হয়েছিল। আটজন বিধবার নাম উল্লেখ আছে এই নথিতে যাঁরা বিধবা ভাতা পেতেন। নথিটি ১৯৫৬ সালের।

তিনটি রূপোর পদক পাওয়া গেছে। দুটি গঙ্গামণি দেবী রূপোর পদক। সংস্কৃততে প্রথম স্থানাধিকারীকে সংস্কৃত কলেজ ও প্রেসিডেন্সি কলেজ মিলে “গঙ্গামণি দেবী” নামাঙ্কিত রূপোর পদক দিয়ে ভূষিত করা হত। আর একটি এ এন মুখার্জি রূপোর পদক, যা ইংরেজি ভাষার সর্বোচ্চ নম্বর প্রাপককে দেওয়া হত। শ্রদ্ধেয় পূর্ণ চন্দ্র ভট্টাচার্য ১৯১৯ সালে এই পদক প্রাপ্ত হয়েছিলেন। অপরটি ১৯৬৫ সালের।

এছাড়াও মিলেছে ব্যাঙ্কের বই, পোস্ট অফিসের বই। সবমিলিয়ে ১৯৩০ সালের ৮৫ টি পাস বই মিলেছে সংস্কৃত কলেজের এই দুর্লভ সিন্দুকে, মনে করা হছে এখান থেকে স্কলারশিপের টাকা দেওয়া হত।

আরও মিলেছে ১৮২৯ থেকে আ৮৩২ সালের একটি অ্যাটেনডেন্স তালিকা যাতে রয়েছে ঈশ্বরচন্দ্র বন্দোপাধ্যায়রে নাম, তখনও তিনি বিদ্যাসাগর নামে ভূষিত হননি। মহামহোপাধ্যায় উপাধি প্রাপ্তদের একটি তালিকা যাতে স্বাক্ষর আছে স্বয়ং রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুরের।

সেই সময় কলকাতার সংস্কৃত কলেজ ঈশ্বরচন্দ্র বিদ্যাসাগরের পথপ্রদর্শনায় কতদূর পর্যন্ত সমাজে সাহায্যের হাত বাড়িয়েছিলেন তার প্রমাণ রয়েছে এই সমস্ত নথিতে।
শত শত বছর ধরে বিদ্যাসাগর, রামমোহন, বিবেকানন্দ, রবীন্দ্রনাথ, নজরুল প্রভৃতির ন্যায় মনিষীদের পদধূলিতে বার বার পবিত্র হয়েছে এই বঙ্গভূমি। সার্থক জনম আমার এই বঙ্গভূমিতে।

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