Library Management Theory
This chapter consists of an overview of library management history based on past core research. Library management has followed and applied business management theories around a decade later than in the business world. In the 1960s, library management also experienced a paradigm shift from the traditional management of libraries into strategic management, emulating business management. Finally, the author outlines the objectives of this book, which include (1) understanding the influence and impact of business management on libraries by examining cases where strategic management theories have been applied; and (2) describing the inherent strategies in library management by using in-depth case analysis of library management.
The concept of “library management” has been changing dramatically with the increase in the demand for academic input in education, policy planning, advocacy, and day-to-day life. Though it cannot be denied that shifting from “print resource collection” to “e-resource collection” makes the library considerably more user-friendly, it is a fact that these e-resources intensify the challenge for library personnel to adopt to rapidly changing ways. Electronic resources management is one of the important components of library development. After the automation and digitization of library resources is over, professional management of the vast body of e-resources is the next goal for its staff. The voluminous e-resource can easily be managed through an ERM system.
In this study, it has been observed that not all libraries are following all the steps of different components of ERM such as selection, evaluation, acquisition, license agreement, and renewal/cancelation of e-resources, which are essential for the better management of e-resources. The study also observed that there is a minimum level of hardware requirement for the efficient management of e-resources. However, there is a positive relationship observed between the groups of ranked libraries and their acquisition of computers and servers. In other words, the higher the group of ranked libraries, the higher the number of computers and servers. All libraries have internet connectivity. However, the speed of internet (bandwidth) varies from library to library, i.e., from 14 to 8,587,271 kbps. Even though all libraries have their own websites, the study states that most of them did not possess a dynamic website (63.2%). Similarly, a majority of libraries (57.9%) did not have a dedicated multiple-page website.